The Government of Alberta protects the province's land resources by ensuring land used for in-dustrial activities is reclaimed in an environmentally sound manner. This is directed through the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA) and the Conservation and Reclamation Regulation.
Under EPEA, after an upstream oil and gas facility has been decommissioned, operators must obtain a reclamation certificate.
Reclamation certificates are managed through the Alberta Upstream Oil and Gas Reclamation and Remediation Program.
The aim of reclamation under Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act is to obtain equivalent land capability. "Equivalent land capability" is defined in the Conservation and Reclamation Regulation as:
"the ability of the land to support various land uses after conservation and reclamation is similar to the ability that existed prior to an activity being conducted on the land, but that the individual land uses will not necessarily be identical."