This course is an introduction to addiction services using a bio-psycho-social-spiritual approach. Students will learn about the role of the addiction services worker in a helping relationship. Students will study communication theory and the techniques needed to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship. Forms of substance abuse, chemical dependency, commonly abused substances, and addictive behaviours are also covered. The importance of culture in working with addictions is examined with an emphasis on Aboriginal culture, traditions, practices, and historical factors that contribute to addictions in Aboriginal communities. Students are introduced to portfolio development.